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Thread: Printing the AN pattern

  1. #1
    Cor's Avatar
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    Printing the AN pattern

    For some time now I had the idea I could faintly discern a wavy pattern in my prints, not always but on evenly grey areas and with certain films.

    First my set-up

    Durst L1200 Laborator.
    Condensor head.
    Photocrescenta 150 watt Tungsten bulb.
    Ilford multigrade filters in drawer between lamp and condensors.
    Negative holder with only Anti Newton glass (from Durst) on top, no glass below for formats upto 6*6, larger with normal clear glass at the bottom.

    Film HP5+ 120 format

    As I said I sometimes noticed a wavy pattern which could be caused by the AN wavy pattern, so the obvious thing to do was print the same negative (a portrait with smooth mid gray tones)with AN glass and normal clear glass (both original Durst glass)

    And quite clearly, side by side comparison showed that the wavy pattern was caused by the AN glass!
    It's not a major difference, but side by side it is clear.

    Is this a known phenomena ?

    Is there a way around? I switched to AN glass because Newton rings are quite ugly. They were not frequent, humidity is mostly in the 60-80% range in my darkroom.

    Best,

    Cor

  2. #2

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    Re: Printing the AN pattern

    I've been using anti reflection glass the past 6 months instead of anti newton glass, and I have not seen any newton rings yet. I have printed a variety of film sizes and a large variety of film stock.

    I got the AN glass from focal point.

  3. #3
    Cor's Avatar
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    Re: Printing the AN pattern

    Interesting, but why did you switch from AN glass to anti-reflection glass (I assume that its clear, flat glass with a coating?)

    best,

    Cor

    Quote Originally Posted by mbuonocore View Post
    I've been using anti reflection glass the past 6 months instead of anti newton glass, and I have not seen any newton rings yet. I have printed a variety of film sizes and a large variety of film stock.

    I got the AN glass from focal point.

  4. #4

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    Re: Printing the AN pattern

    Hello Cor, I should have been more clear. I switched because I was seeing the pattern of the AN glass. I have been using a point light source, and it was wildly apparent. However, in retrospect, my prints made with my big durst opal bulb (in a 138) are sharper without the AN glass as well.

    I should also note that I'm not really sure what the humidity in my darkroom is, but I don't think it's anywhere near 60%. Maybe for a few weeks in the summer, but not ordinarily. I'm in Toronto, Canada.

  5. #5

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    Re: Printing the AN pattern

    Generally speaking the more collimated the light, the greater the chance of things like texture or patterns on carrier glass showing up on the print.

  6. #6

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    Re: Printing the AN pattern

    AN glass is sometimes made from different methods... There's etched glass (etched by different processes over time), blasted glass, etc... Some glasses have different "peaks" that make contact with the film... Some are a little jagged, some have smoother, more rounded "peaks"... Different films have slicker, smoother base coats, some are a little more matt surfaced... These different combinations, combined with the moisture content of the film, ambient humidity, and how much the curl of the film set while drying will produce different outcomes...

    Roll films tend to curl and produce rings the most (thinnest bases)... (Esp during damp conditions...) Uneven changes in the moisture content while the film is warming from IR while in the neg carrier can cause a slight buckle that can make the rings worse...

    Things that will help is to make sure you have a IR filter in your head, sometimes changing your drying process by using different final soaks/wetting baths/drying methods will affect the base surface/curl so the film makes different contact with the AN glass, for your 120 it might be flattening the film by backrolling/drying throughly it before cutting or leaving it pressed in a book, etc for at least a week before printing... And try to avoid printing on damp nights... Try different AN glasses to find one that works in your locale... And film choice with one with a different base if the problem persists... Sometimes a glassless carrier is your only option when the humidity is high... A dehumidifier in the lab can help... Or move to the desert...

    Good Luck!!!

    Steve K

  7. #7

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    Re: Printing the AN pattern

    I'll offer an additional trick which can be used above the negative with plain glass. Fix and wash an unexposed, undeveloped sheet of Tri-X 320 (TXP). Cut it to size and use it as an anti-Newton ring spacer sandwiched between the negative and the top glass. Since the base of TXP is designed for retouching, the film is just "textured" enough on both the emulsion and base surfaces to help prevent Newton rings.

  8. #8
    Drew Wiley
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    Re: Printing the AN pattern

    I suspect you are mistaken, Cor. More likely, due to 120 film being very curly and quite thin, it is probably not held completely flat between your carrier glasses. I live in a very damp climate and routinely use AN glass on BOTH sides of the neg. Correctly done, this in itself presents no visible effect in the print, even with very high resolution enlarging lenses. At this very time I need to check the fine adjustment on one of my Durst carriers, since given its level of precision, I realistically need to tweak it a bit when going from thick sheet film to thinner 120. Not all carriers have this option, but some of the better Durst ones do. If you can find true
    Durst AN glass, originally Belgian made, it works better on small negs than generic options.

  9. #9
    Drew Wiley
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    Re: Printing the AN pattern

    Michael - you can also use a thin frosted piece of mylar above the neg, provided you carefully inspect the specific piece for blemishes on a lightbox first.

  10. #10

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    Re: Printing the AN pattern

    But Drew, re AN glass, don't you use diffusion light systems? OP seems to have a condenser setup.

    Agree, frosted mylar or duratrans can work. The trick is to get mylar that is truly uniform.

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