A decade ago before the masses of people understood what the Internet was about, the term "fine art photography" was often discussed on early web forums like Compuserve. When I set up my web site a decade ago, I included the term "fine art photography" in the html meta keywords for search engine reasons but even then disliked the term because it did not fit my form of landscape and nature photography art. I've since removed it from all my html code. I was never interested in capturing and then manipulating images by some creative art process as the vast majority currently engage in but rather capturing out in nature, visual moments in time reasonably close to what I experienced. All my subsequent post processing simply has a goal of producing the image moment. Considerable skill may be employed though that isn't really an art process unless one ventures into manipulating what they have raw captured. Oh I can do that haha, but it is not my personal style by choice and interest.
The art in my process is being able to recognize what is aesthetic out in nature and for the most part ends there. Much of the process of producing such images is not at all about an art process but rather a matter of hunting images in the outdoors visually sensing what is aesthetic and what is not. Once I find the general locations, then yes there is an artistic element of refining the best frame under conditions available. That is a combination of art and skills. For instance one can find through various skills and knowledge a landscape with beautiful wildflowers, trees, peaks, sky etc. To distill that once the general scene is in front of a photographer and set up one's tripod location is not always so obvious. It is what separates much of my own work from others and rises out of a sense of my internal aesthetic combined with experience about natural landscapes and natural science knowledge.
Since myriad former 35mm SLR photographers and myriad new young generation photographers have embraced digital cameras, especially those joining the DSLR ranks, much of what used to be photography in all its forms and processes have been discarded, reinvented, and generaly turned upsidedown and shook up. Photography has always evolved however since the mid 1990's change has been profound. Although we are currently awash in images everywhere, few are exceptional, especially larger images where more skill must be employed throughout the capture and post processing. There are a great many good images being produced now and presented to the public however again few are exceptional. To recognize such, one just needs to stroll down any higher quality outdoor art and craft fair or peruse local urban galleries. We large format photographers produce work that has the potential due to image size alone to be placed in a higher art value category. Unfortunately the vast noise created by all other relatively good media and imagery tends to drown out highest quality images such that the majority of the public is not much aware of much beyond the average good quality of those most aggressive in getting their work in front of the public's attention.