The diagonal view of a 150 will be like a 21 on your 35mm camera. In terms of "feel" you may wind up seeing too much unwanted foreground with a 150 on 8x10 than your 24mm.
I love a 28mm on a 35mm camera, so for 8x10 I went with a 210mm which has about the same diagonal. However, I am still getting used to the increase in foreground view, as the 8x10 format is more square. I can see why Ansel had a platform on the top of his car.
So, you might want to try a 210mm to match the "feel" of a 24.
Since I projection print, another thing I have been doing to match the "feel" is to crop my 8x10 negatives to a somewhat wider aspect ratio.