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Thread: Old Formulas : Toners

  1. #1

    Old Formulas : Toners

    <A name=index></a>

    <TABLE width=90% border=1><TR><TD>These Formulas are given For 'Historical reference ONLY'. Some of the Formulas contain chemicals that are noxious, toxic, or just plain dangerous to handle. KNOW what you are doing first or learn about chemical handling BEFORE you start using these.</td></tr></table>

    <TABLE width=90% border=1><TH colspan=2>Toner Formulas</TH>
    <TR><TD colspan=2 align=center>Kodak Toners</TD>
    <TR><td>Gold GP-1</td><td>Hypo Alum Sepia T-1a</td>
    <TR><td>Sulfide Sepia T-7a</td><td>Polysulfide T-8</td>
    <TR><td>Uranium Toner T-9</td><td>Sulfide Toner T-10</td>
    <TR><td>Iron Blue T-11</td><td><A HREF=#t12>Iron Blue T-12</td>
    <TR><td>Mordant Bath T-17</td><td>Dye Bath T-17A</td>
    <TR><td>Dye Bath T-17b</td><td><A HREF=#t18>2-tone Toner T-18</td>
    <TR><td>Single Dye Toner T-20</td><td><A HREF=#t21>Gold Toner T-21 ('Nelson Gold')</td>
    <TR><TD colspan=2 align=center>Agfa Toners</TD>
    <TR><td>Sepia Toner 221</td><td>Hypo Alum Toner 222</td>
    <TR><td>Nelson Gold Toner 223</td><td>Gold Toner 231</td>
    <TR><td>Iron Blue Toner 241</td><td>Dassonville Copper Toner</td>
    <TR><td>Iron Blue 2-bath</td><td>Blue Toner</td>
    <TR><TD colspan=2 align=center>Misc. Formulas</TH>
    <TR><td>Hypo Eliminator HE-1</td><td>Hardener F1-a</td>
    <TR><td>Non-Hardening Fixer F-24</td><td></td>
    </TABLE>





    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=gp1>Kodak Gold Protective Solution GP-1</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>750cc</td>
    <TR><td>Gold Chloride (1% solution)</td><td>10.0cc</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Thiocyanate</td><td>10.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    </TABLE>

    Make 1% solution by adding 1 gram gold chloride to 100cc of water.

    Add the gold chloride solution to the volume of water indicated. Dissolve the sodium thiocyanate, separately, in 125cc. of water. Then add thiocyanate solution slowly into the gold chloride solution while stirring rapidly.

    Suggested : Immerse a well washed print, preferable treated with hypo eliminator, for 10 min. @68&deg;F. or until a just perceptible change in image tone , wash 10 min. in running water and dry as usual. May also be used with fine grained films and plates for maximum permanency.



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=t1a>Kodak Hypo Alum Sepia Toner T-1a</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td>Cold water</td><td>2800cc</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Thiosulfate</td><td>480.0g</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver>Dissolve thoroughly, and add the following</td>
    <TR><td>Hot water (160&deg;F.)</td><td>640cc</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Alum</td><td>120.0</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver>Then add the following solution (including precipitate) slowly to the hypo-alum solution while stirring rapidly.</td>
    <TR><td>Cold water</td><td>64.0cc</td>
    <TR><td>Silver Nitrate (crystals)</td><td>4.2g</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Chloride</td><td>4.2g</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver>After combining the above solutions</td>
    <TR><td>Add water to make</td><td>4.0L</td>
    <TR><td></td><td></td>
    <TR><TD colspan=2>note: the silver nitrate should be dissolved completely before adding the sodium chloride and immediately afterward, the solution containing the milky white precipitate should be added to the hypo-alum solution as directed above. The formation of a black precipitate in no way impairs the toning action of the bath if proper manipulation technique is used.</td>
    </TABLE>

    For use, pour into a tray supported in a water bath and heat to 120&deg; F. At this temperature prints will tone in 12 to 215 min. Never use the solution above 120&deg;F. Toning should not be continued longer then 20 min. at 120&deg;F. It is not satisfactory with warm-tone papers such as Professional Azo.



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=t7a>Kodak Sulfide Sepia Toner T-7a</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><TD colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Bleaching Solution A</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Ferricyanide</td><td>75.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Bromide</td><td>75.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Oxalate</td><td>195.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Acetic acid, 28%</td><td>40.0cc</td>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>2.0L</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2>to make approx. 28% acetic acid from glacial acetic acid, dilute 3 parts glacial to 8 parts water</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Toning Solution B</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Sulfide (not sulfite)</td><td>45.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>500cc</td>
    </TABLE>

    to prepare bleach, mix 1 part A with 1 part water; to prepare toner, mix 1 part B with 8 parts water.

    Place a well washed print in the bleach until only faint traces of the halftones are left and the black of the shadows has disappeared, about 1 min. Rinse thoroughly in cold water. Place in toner until original detail returns, about 30 seconds, then immerse for 5 min. in a hardening bath of 1 part F-1a and 16 parts water.

    This toning bath tends to give warm tones with papers such as Velox, Kodabromide and Royal Bromide. With inherently warm-tone papers such as Azo and Kodalure, it tends to produce rather disagreeable yellow tones.



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    <H2><A name=t8>Kodak Polysulfide Toner T-8</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>750ml</td>
    <TR><td>Polysulfide (Liver of sulfur)</td><td>7.5g</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Carbonate</td><td>2.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    </TABLE>

    Immerse a well washed B&W print For 15 - 20 min. @68&deg;F. or For 3 - 4 min.@100&deg;F
    This single-solution toner is recommended for use on all Kodak paper except Kodalure, Kodabromide and Royal Bromide. It produces slightly darker sepia tones than T-7a.



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=t9>Kodak Uranium Toner T-9</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>For Brown to Red Tones on Slides and Films</td>
    <TR><td>Uranium Nitrate</td><td>2.5g</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Oxalate</td><td>2.5g</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Ferricyanide</td><td>1.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Ammonium Alum</td><td>6.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Hydrochloric Acid, 10%</td><td>5.0cc</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    </TABLE>

    The solution should be perfectly clear and pale yellow. It is light-sensitive and should be stored in the dark. The maximum toning effect is produced in about 10 min, the tones passing from brown to red. Wash For 10 min., do not prolong washing.



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=t10>Kodak Sulfide Toner T-10</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>For Warm Sepia Tones on Lantern Slides</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution A</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Ferricyanide</td><td>30.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Bromide</td><td>15.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution B</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Sulfide (not sulfite)</td><td>0.9g</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    </TABLE>

    A well washed film or slide is thoroughly bleached in solution A, washed for 5 min. and immersed in solution B for about 2 min. until fully toned. It should be washed For 10 - 15 min. before drying.

    "The transparency of the tone is much improved by the addition of a little hypo to the B solution, say, 66 grains per 32 ounces or 4 -5 grams per liter."



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=t11>Kodak Iron Toner T-11</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>For Blue Tones on Slides and Films</td>
    <TR><td>Ammonium Persulfate</td><td>0.5g</td>
    <TR><td>Ferric Alum</td><td>1.4g</td>
    <TR><td>Oxalic Acid</td><td>3.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Ferricyanide</td><td>1.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Ammonium Alum</td><td>5.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Hydrochloric Acid, 10%</td><td>1.0cc</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    </TABLE>

    The method of compounding this bath is important. Each of the solid chemicals should be dissolved separately in a small volume of water, then should be mixed in the order given and the whole diluted to the required volume. If these instructions are followed, the bath will be pale yellow and perfectly clear. Immerse the film or slide from 2 to 10 min. until the desired tone is obtained, wash For 10 to 15 min. beFore drying.



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=t12>Kodak Iron Toner T-12</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>For Blue Tones on Kodabromide, Velox and Azo papers</td>
    <TR><td>Ferric Ammonium Citrate (green scales)</td><td>4.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Oxalic Acid (crystals)</td><td>4.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Ferricyanide</td><td>4.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    </TABLE>

    Dissolve each chemical separately in 8 oz. water and filter beFore mixing together in order given. This solution does not keep well except in brown bottles. Immerse a well washed print in toner For 10 to 15 min. until desired tones are reached, then wash until the highlights are clear.



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=t17>Kodak Mordant Bath T-17</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>For Dye Toning</td>
    <TR><td>Uranium Nitrate</td><td>8.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Oxalic Acid (crystals)</td><td>4.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Ferricyanide</td><td>4.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    </TABLE>

    Dissolve Uranium Nitrate in 250ml of 125&deg;F water. Dissolve the oxalic acid in 250ml of water and filter, then add to the uranium solution. Dissolve the potassium ferricyanide in 250ml of water and filter, then add to the uranium / oxalic solution. Add water to make 1.0 liter.

    To use as a toning bath :dilute 1 part stock to 2 parts water. As the toning time is increased, the tone changes from chocolate to brown to brick red. The print may be removed at any time. Wash until the highlights are clear.

    To use as a mordant For Dye Toning :dilute 1 part stock with 4 parts water. Immerse a well washed print about 2 min. until the image turns a light chocolate, rinse about 1 min. in running water to clear highlights, then immerse for 10 to 15 min. in Dye Bath T-17b



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=t17a>Kodak Dye Bath T-17A</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>For Use with Slides or Films</td>
    <TR><td>Dye (below)</td><td>0.2g</td>
    <TR><td>Acetic Acid 10%</td><td>5.0cc</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver>the following dyes are suitable for toning</td>
    <TR><td>Safranine A</td><td>Red</td>
    <TR><td>Chrysoidine 3R</td><td>Orange</td>
    <TR><td>Auramine</td><td>Yellow</td>
    <TR><td>Victoria Green</td><td>Green</td>
    <TR><td>Methylene Blue BB</td><td>Blue</td>
    <TR><td>Methyl Violet*</td><td>Violet</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2>*use &frac14; amount called for in formula</td>
    </TABLE>

    Thoroughly dissolve the dye in hot water, filter, add the acid, and dilute to volume with cold water.

    Immerse the mordanted film in the dye for 2 to 15 min.@68&deg;F according to color desired. Intermediate color may be obtained either by mixing the dye solutions or by immersing the film in successive baths. In case of over-dyeing, some of the dye may be removed by immersing in a 0.2% solution of ammonia, then rinse before drying.



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=t17b>Kodak Dye Bath For Papers T-17b</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>For use with Papers</td>
    <TR><td>Dye (1:1000 dilution)</td><td>listed below</td>
    <TR><td>Acetic Acid (1% solution)</td><td>25.0ml</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2>to make 1% acetic acid, a 1 part 28% to 27 parts water</td>
    </table>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=3 bgcolor=silver>the following dyes are suitable for toning</td>
    <TR><td>#1 Red</td><td>Safranine A</td><td>100ml</td>
    <TR><td>#2 Yellow</td><td>Auramine</td><td>100ml</td>
    <TR><td>#3 Orange</td><td></td><td>Mix equal parts #1 & #2, then add 100ml</td>
    <TR><td>#4 Blue-green</td><td>Victoria Green</td><td>100ml</td>
    <TR><td>#5 Brilliant Green</td><td></td><td>Mix equal parts #2 & #4, then add 100ml</td>
    <TR><td>#6 Blue</td><td>Methylene Blue BB</td><td>100ml</td>
    <TR><td>#7 Violet</td><td>Methyl Violet</td><td>30ml</td>
    <TR><td colspan=3 bgcolor=silver>Mixtures of the following may also be used</td>
    <TR><td colspan=3>Victoria Green - Methyl Violet</td>
    <TR><td colspan=3>Victoria Green - Methylene Blue</td>
    <TR><td colspan=3>Methyl Violet - Auramine</td>
    <TR><td colspan=3>Methyl Violet - Victoria Green</td>
    <TR><td colspan=3 bgcolor=silver>((I think you could make any mix ratio with any of these))</td>
    </TABLE>

    The dye toned prints should be washed in running water until all extraneous color is removed from the highlights. Prolonged washing should be avoided.



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    <H2><A name=t18>Kodak Toner T-18</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>For Double Tones on Slides or Films</td>
    <TR><td>Ammonium Persulfate</td><td>0.5g</td>
    <TR><td>Ferric Alum</td><td>1.4g</td>
    <TR><td>Oxalic Acid</td><td>3.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Ferricyanide</td><td>1.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Hydrochloric Acid, 10%</td><td>1.0ml</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    </TABLE>

    The method of compounding this bath is important. Each of the chemicals should be dissolved separately in a small volume of water, then should be mixed in the order given and the whole diluted to the required volume.

    This bath tones the halftones white and the shadows blue. If the resulting image is immersed in any of the basic dyes for T-17a, the dye is mordanted to the halftones leaving the shadows more or less blue. By varying the dyes, the halftones may be varied at will.

    Tone until the shadows are deep blue, then wash for 10 to 15 minutes. Immerse in the basic dye solutions used for dye toning for 5 to 15 minutes until the desired depth of color is reached. Wash for 5 to 10 minutes until the highlights are clear.



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=t20>Kodak Single Solution Dye Toner T-20</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>For Slides and Films</td>
    <TR><td>Dye</td><td>(below)</td>
    <TR><td>Wood Alcohol or</td><td></td>
    <TR><td>Acetone</td><td>100.0cc</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Ferricyanide</td><td>1.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Acetic Acid (Glacial)</td><td>5.0cc</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver>the quantity of dye varies by color as follows</td>
    <TR><td>Safranine Extra Bluish</td><td>0.2g</td>
    <TR><td>Chrysoidine 3R</td><td>0.2g</td>
    <TR><td>Auramine</td><td>0.4g</td>
    <TR><td>Victoria Green</td><td>0.4g</td>
    <TR><td>Rhodamine B</td><td>0.4g</td>
    </TABLE>

    "The nature of the tones varies with time of toning and eventually a point is reached beyond which it is unsafe to continue as the gradation of the toned image becomes affected. Average toning time at 68&deg;F is from 3 to 9 minutes. Further details on the use of this formula may be obtained by referring to the paper by Crabtree and Ives."
    ("Dye Toning With Single Solutions" by J.I. Crabtree and C.E. Ives, Trans. Soc. Mot. Pict. Eng. #36; 967 (1928))



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=t21>Kodak Gold Toner T-21Agfa 223 (Nelson Gold Toner)</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>For Brown Tones with Papers</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution A</td>
    <TR><td>Water (125&deg;F)</td><td>4.0L</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Thiosulfate (hypo)</td><td>960.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Ammonium Persulfate</td><td>120.0g</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2>Dissolve the hypo completely before adding the ammonium persulphate. Stir the bath vigorously while adding the persulphate. If the bath does not turn milky, increase the temperature until it does.Prepare the following solution and add it (including precipitates) slowly to the hypo-persulphate solution while stirring the latter rapidly. The bath must be cool when these solutions are mixed.</td>
    <TR><td>Cold water</td><td>64.0cc</td>
    <TR><td>Silver Nitrate (crystals)</td><td>5.2g</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Chloride</td><td>5.2g</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2>The silver nitrate should be completely dissolved before adding the sodium chloride.</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution B</td>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>250.0cc</td>
    <TR><td>Gold Chloride</td><td>1.0g</td>
    </TABLE>

    The Nelson Gold Toner has the advantage that a variety of excellent brown tones may be obtained by varying the time of toning, the prints may be removed at any time when the desired color is reached. It is particularly recommended for use with warm-toned papers.

    For use add 125cc of solution B slowly to solution A while stirring rapidly. The bath should not be used until after it has become cold and has formed a sediment, then pour off the clear liquid for use.

    Pour the clear solution into a tray supported in a water bath and heat to 110&deg;F. During toning the temperature should be between 100 and 110&deg;F. When the desired tone is obtained, 5 to 20 minutes, remove and rinse the prints. When all prints have been toned, return them to the fixing bath for 5 minutes, then wash and dry normally.

    The bath should be revived at interval by the addition of solution B, add 4cc per 50 8X10 prints.



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=221>Agfa 221 Sepia Toner</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>This toner is recommended for warm-brown sepia tones.</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution 1</td>
    <TR><td>Water 125&deg;F</td><td>750cc</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Ferricyanide</td><td>50.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Bromide</td><td>10.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Carbonate (mono)</td><td>20.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution 2</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Sulfide</td><td>45.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>500cc</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver>for use dilute 1 part Solution 2 with 8 parts water.</td>
    </TABLE>

    Prints should be washed thoroughly and then bleached in solution 1 until the black image is converted to a very light brown, about 1 minute. Print should then be washed for 10 minutes and redeveloped in solution 2, about 1 minute. Wash and dry normally.



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    <H2><A name=222>Agfa 222 Hypo-Alum Toner</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>This toner is recommended for beautiful reddish-brown tones.</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution 1</td>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>2350cc</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Thiosulfate (Hypo)</td><td>450.0g</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution 2</td>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>30cc</td>
    <TR><td>Silver Nitrate</td><td>1.3g</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution 3</td>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>30cc</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Iodide</td><td>2.7g</td>
    </TABLE>

    Add solution 2 to solution 1, then add solution 3 to the mixture. Finally add 105g of Potassium Alum to this solution and heat the entire bath to the boiling point or until sulphurization takes place, indicated by a milky appearance ((should also smell great)). Tone prints 20 to 60 minutes in this bath at 110 - 125 &deg;F. Care should be taken to see that the blacks are fully converted before removing the prints, otherwise double tones may result. Wash and dry normally.



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    <H2><A name=231>Agfa 231 Gold Toner</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>For Red, Blue or Mixed tones on Paper.</td>
    <TR><td>Water 125&deg;F</td><td>750cc</td>
    <TR><td>Ammonium Sulphocyanate**</td><td>105.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Gold Chloride 1%</td><td>60cc</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2>**can substitute
    Sodium Sulphocyanate = 110.0g
    or
    Potassium Sulphocyanate = 135.0g</td>
    </TABLE>

    For Red Tones : Prints must first be bleached and sepia toned by sulfide redevelopment method, Agfa 221. After washing, place prints in Agfa 231 solution until toning is complete, 15 to 45 minutes. For redder tones one-half of the sulphocyanate may be used.

    For Blue Tones : Omit sepia toning and place well-washed black-and-white prints directly into Agfa 231 solution.

    For Mixed Tones : Prints should be incompletely toned in a Hypo-Alum toner, Agfa 222, and washes before treatment in Agfa 231. Wash and dry normally.



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=241>Agfa 241 Iron Blue Toner</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>For Brilliant Blue tones on Paper.</td>
    <TR><td>Water 125&deg;F</td><td>500cc</td>
    <TR><td>Ferric Ammonium Citrate</td><td>8.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Ferricyanide</td><td>8.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Acetic Acid 28%</td><td>265cc</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    </TABLE>

    Solution should be prepared with distilled water if possible, use plastic trays. Prints for blue toning should be fixed in plain, non-hardening hypo bath. When prints have been fully toned in Agfa 241, they will be greenish in appearance, but will easily wash out to a clear blue color when placed in running water. Some intensification of the print usually occurs, so the prints should be slightly light.

    Wash water should be acidified with acetic acid since the blue tone is quite soluble in alkaline solutions. Pleasing variations in the tone can be obtained by bathing the washed prints in a &frac12;% solution (5.0g per liter) of Borax which produces softer, blue-gray tones, the extent depending on the length of treatment.



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    <H2><A name=t5>Dassonville Copper Toner</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>For Deep Brown tones on Bromide Paper.</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution A</td>
    <TR><td>Copper Sulfate</td><td>6.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Citrate (neutral)</td><td>25.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution B</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Ferricyanide</td><td>5.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Citrate (neutral)</td><td>25.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>

    </TABLE>

    To use mix equal parts A and B, the mixed solution will not keep well and should be discarded after use. Prints must be thoroughly washed before toning. Immerse the prints one at a time and tone until the desired color is obtained. The prints will progress from black to a deep brown and finally to red chalk. It is important to remove prints at the exact moment that the desired color is obtained. Wash prints for 30 minutes after toning. Dassonville Copper Toner was worked out for pure bromide paper. Note : if pink tints show up in toning, add more potassium citrate to either solution.



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=ibt>Iron Blue 2-bath Toner</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>For Iron Blue tones on Bromide Paper.</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution A</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Ferricyanide</td><td>11.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Ammonium 28%</td><td>17cc</td>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>1.0L</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution B</td>
    <TR><td>Ferrous Sulfate</td><td>11.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Hydrochloric Acid 10%</td><td>50cc</td>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>1.0L</td>

    </TABLE>

    This 2 solution formula will produce permanent blue tones on bromide paper of a very desirable Holland blue shade. The thoroughly fixed and wash print is bleached in solution A, then washed in running water until free of stain. It is then placed in solution B until fully toned. After washing until free of stain the print should be fixed for 2 minutes in a fresh acid fixing bath. Wash and dry normally.



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=bb>Blue Toner</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2>Beautiful blue tones may be obtained on chloride or the slower chloro-bromide papers by this process. A print for blue toning should be developed in a warm-tone developer as follows:</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Warm-tone Developer</td>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>1.0L</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Sulfite</td><td>12.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Chlorohydroquinone</td><td>3.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Carbonate</td><td>12.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Bromide</td><td>0.4g</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2>The print should then be fixed in:</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Fixer</td>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>1.0L</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Thiosulfate (hypo)</td><td>240.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Metabisulfite</td><td>3.5g</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2>The print should be thoroughly washed as any hypo remaining will discolor the blue tones. The print at this stage should be a warm-tone, even a yellow brown tone</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution A</td>
    <TR><td>Distilled water</td><td>1.0L</td>
    <TR><td>Gold Chloride</td><td>2.0g</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution B</td>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>1.0L</td>
    <TR><td>Thiocarbamide (thiourea)</td><td>2.0g</td>
    <TR><td>solution A</td><td>300cc</td>
    <TR><td>Sulphuric Acid 10%</td><td>30cc</td>
    </TABLE>

    Use a plastic tray. Heat toner to 90&deg;F for a warmer tone. Prints will tone in 10 to 20 minutes. 1 liter should tone 50 8X10 prints. Wash and dry normally. Note ; this toner can be used like Agfa 231 for Red, Blue or multi tones in the same fashion.

    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=he1>Hypo Eliminator HE-1</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>500cc</td>
    <TR><td>Hydrogen Peroxide 3%</td><td>125.0cc</td>
    <TR><td>Ammonia 3%</td><td>100.0cc</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    </TABLE>

    Mix solution immediately before use in an OPEN container. Do not store in a closed bottle.

    Wash prints for about 30 minutes, then immerse each print in HE-1 for 6 minutes @68&deg;F. Rewash prints for 10 minutes.



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=f1a>Kodak Hardener F-1a</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td>Water 125&deg;F</td><td>425cc</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Sulfite</td><td>60.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Acetic Acid 28%</td><td>190.0cc</td>
    <TR><td>Potassium Alum</td><td>60.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    </TABLE>

    Use as directed in toner formula.



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=f24>Kodak Non-Hardening Fixer F-24</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td>Water 125&deg;F</td><td>500cc</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Thiosulfate (hypo)</td><td>240.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Sulfite</td><td>10.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Sodium Bisulfite</td><td>25.0g</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    </TABLE>

    Dissolve chemicals in order given. For satisfactory results, all baths should not be higher than 68&deg;F.



    <HR>index<HR>

  2. #2

    Old Formulas : Toners



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=sbt>Soft Blue Toner</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution 1</td>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>250cc</td>
    <TR><td>Thiocarbamide</td><td>3.4g</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution 2</td>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>250cc</td>
    <TR><td>Citric Acid</td><td>3.4g</td>
    <TR><td colspan=2 bgcolor=silver align=center>Solution 3</td>
    <TR><td>Water</td><td>250cc</td>
    <TR><td>Gold Chloride</td><td>1.0g</td>
    </TABLE>

    To use : mix 50cc of 1, 2, 3 with 500cc water, this is sufficient for five 11X14 prints. The mixed solution will keep for several hours, but will deteriorate after that time. Prints should be thoroughly washed before toning, average prints will tone in 15 minutes. Remove and wash when desired tone is reached. This toner is recommended for fog and snow pictures. Do not use this toner with bromide papers, it's for chloride and chlorobromide papers.



    <HR>index<HR>
    <H2><A name=hbt>Horwitz Emenzene Brown Toner</A></H2>
    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><td>Yellow Ammonium Sulfide</td><td>50cc</td>
    <TR><td>Emenzene(5% solution of sodium metanitrobenzene-sulfonate)</td><td>50cc</td>
    <TR><td>Water to make</td><td>1.0L</td>
    </TABLE>

    Prepare immediately before use, as prepared toner is only useable for about 2 hours after mixing. Use at any temperature from 60&deg; to 100&deg;F. At 80&deg;F, toning will require 3 to 5 minutes for fast papers; 1 to 4 minutes for slow papers. Discard solution after use.

    <TABLE width=90% border=1>
    <TR><TD align=center>Paper</td><TD align=center>Color Effect</td>
    <TR><TD align=center>Bromide</td><TD rowspan=2>Purple Brown</td>
    <TR><TD>(Royal Bromide)</td>
    <TR><TD align=center>Fast Chlorobromide</td><TD rowspan=2>Chocolate Brown</td>
    <TR><TD>(Kodabromide)</td>
    <TR><TD align=center>Medium Chlorobromide</td><TD rowspan=2>Browns</td>
    <TR><TD>(Plantino)</td>
    <TR><TD align=center>Slow Chlorobromide</td><TD rowspan=2>Warm Browns</td>
    <TR><TD>(Opal)</td><TD></td>
    </TABLE>

    The print must be made on the proper type of paper with the final image tone in mind. Shades given are approximations, final color will depend on the paper and developer used.

    <HR>index<HR>

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